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Photographs Album details for shelfmark Photo 312/

'Burmah. A series of one hundred photographs illustrating incidents connected with the British Expeditionary Force to that country, from the embarkation at Madras, 1st Nov, 1885, to the capture of King Theebaw...'

Photographers: W.W. Hooper.
Contents: 100 prints 104x150mm to 145x191mm Autotype prints
Provenance: Transferred from European Printed Books (pressmark W2624).
Subjects: army - military campaigns - Burmese architecture - pagodas
Description: Red full-leather album, 242x334mm, containing mounted prints with lengthy letterpress captions. 'Burmah' is stamped in gold on the front cover. The volume was published c.1887 by J.A. Lugard, London, C.G. Brown, Bangalore and Thacker, Spink & Co, Calcutta. The full title is 'Burmah. One hundred photographs, illustrating incidents connected with the British Expeditionary Force to that country, from the Embarkation at Madras, 1st Nov, 1885, to the capture of King Theebaw, with many views of Mandalay and surrounding country, native life and industries, and most interesting descriptive notes by Lieut-Col W.W. Hooper, 4th (Prince of Wales' Own) Madras Light Cavalry, late Provost Marshal of the Burmah Expeditionary Force'. The publication is dedicated to General Sir Harry Prendergast, VC, and officers of the Expeditionary Force. An Introduction gives a brief background to the photographs and a note adds, 'The whole of these Photographs are printed in Autotype Pigments, and will be found absolutely permanent in any climate'.

Album contents:-
Photo 312/(1) The Indian Troopships 'Clive' and 'Tenasserim' in Madras Harbour. In the former of these General Prendergast left Madras for Rangoon on 3rd November 1885, in command of the Burmah Expeditionary Force. 
Photo 312/(2) Group of officers of the Burmah Expeditionary Force on board the 'Tenasserim', which left Madras on 3rd Nov, 1885, and arrived at Rangoon on the morning of 8th Nov, having on board 4/1 RA and Q/1 RA. 
Photo 312/(3) Arrival of the 'Tenasserim' at Rangoon on 8th Nov, 1885. The steamer was moored alongside one of the banks of the river, and the work of debarkation at once commenced. 
Photo 312/(4) Scene on the river bank at Theyetmyo, the frontier station, on the Irrawaddy, of Lower Burmah. 
Photo 312/(5) One of King Theebaw's steamers captured under the walls of Mindhla Fort by the SS 'Irrawaddy' and the little gunboat 'Kathleen'. This little boat which afforded invaluable assistance to the Expedition is seen on the right of the captured steamer. 
Photo 312/(6) A picture taken from the deck of the 'Thambyadine', the head quarter steamer, while we were steaming past it up the river early on the morning of the 15th Nov. It shews the barge prepared by the Burmese as an obstruction to our progress. 
Photo 312/(7) Landing Troops at Zingyandoung on 17th Nov. It was here that the first shot was fired. 
Photo 312/(8) A steamer of the Irrawaddy Flotilla Company with flats alongside, shewing the way troops were conveyed up the river. 
Photo 312/(9) The Redoubt at Mindhla on the right bank of the Irrawaddy, captured on the afternoon of the 17th Nov. 
Photo 312/(10) Mindhla after its capture. The trees and some sheds and outbuildings had been set on fire by the shells fired from the river. The gun was one of the enemy's. The white pony across which a body is lying belonged to one of their Generals. 
Photo 312/(11) The fleet at Pagan...This place was reached by the Expedition on the 22nd November. The picture shews the fleet at anchor. In the foreground are two of King Theebaw's steamers half submerged, they having been scuttled and deserted on our approach. 
Photo 312/(12) Villagers coming in for protection at Pagan. When we arrived at this place the villagers flocked round to put themselves under our protection, professing to be rejoiced that the British were about to take over the management of the country... 
Photo 312/(13) Left bank of the river at Myingyan with native boats moored alongside. The Expedition reached this spot, where there is a town of some importance, on the 24th November. 
Photo 312/(14) Group of officers taken on board the Irrawaddy Flotilla Co's Steamer 'Irrawaddy' while advancing up the river. This vessel was the temporary home of General H.H. Foord and his Staff and the officers of the 21st MI. 
Photo 312/(15) One of King Theebaw's war steamers fully armed and equipped for the purpose of annihilating the presumptuous 'Kalars'. 
Photo 312/(16) Nominal surrender of the Burmese army at Ava on 27th November, 1885. 
Photo 312/(17) One of the Enemy's Gunpits at Ava. This picture which was taken under very unfavourable circumstances on the evening of 27th Nov, shews a party of Royal Artillery removing the guns which were mostly destroyed as useless. 
Photo 312/(18) View looking up the river between Ava and Sagain. 
Photo 312/(19) Arrival of the Expedition at Mandalay on the 28th Nov. The scene on the river's bank was a most animated one. 
Photo 312/(20) Front of King Theebaw's Palace, [Mandalay]. This picture was taken on the afternoon of the 28th Nov, the day on which the King was made prisoner. 
Photo 312/(21) Some of King Theebaw's Guards at the East Gate of the Palace enclosure, [Mandalay], the day we entered. Their appearance was not prepossessing. Since then for the most part they have become 'Dacoits'. 
Photo 312/(22) View of the Palace, [Mandalay], taken on the same day as the former photographs. 
Photo 312/(23) Group of General Prendergast and many of his staff, taken in front of the Hall of Audience in Mandalay Palace, on 17th December, 1885. 
Photo 312/(24) Arrival of Mr Bernard, the Chief Commissioner, at the Palace of Mandalay, on the 15th Dec, 1885. 
Photo 312/(25) The King's Throne, placed at the back of the Hall of Audience, [Mandalay]. 
Photo 312/(26) Kyoung built by King Theebaw inside the Palace enclosure for his favourite Phoongyee or Tutor, [Mandalay]. 
Photo 312/(27) The Queen's Bath, in the garden of the Palace, [Mandalay]. This is a quadrangular building about 50 yds long by 30 broad, in the centre of which is the pool of water used by the Queen and her Maids of Honour as a bathing-place in the warm weather. 
Photo 312/(28) West face of the city of Mandalay. 
Photo 312/(29) King Theebaw's State Barge on the moat, [Mandalay]. This is a very gorgeous affair, the whole of it gilded over, and it has a wonderful looking prow in the form of an eagle. 
Photo 312/(30) Mandalay Hill as seen from the NE corner of the city. 
Photo 312/(31) The Hampshire Regiment at Mandalay attending Divine Service on the morning of Christmas Day, 1885. This Regiment is quartered in some of the numerous Phoongyee Kyoungs, or Monasteries, outside the city walls on the NE. 
Photo 312/(32) This represents what is called the Golden Kyoung. It is a good specimen of the many Kyoungs in and around Mandalay, though it certainly excels all others in magnificence. 
Photo 312/(33) General View of the City from Mandalay Hill. 
Photo 312/(34) View from Mandalay Hill looking SE over the Koo-thoo-daw or Royal Merit House (the vast mass of white building on left) and the Atoo-ma-shee or Incomplete Pagoda (the large white building on right). 
Photo 312/(35) Another view from Mandalay Hill looking due East over the 2nd Madras Lancer lines towards the Shan Hills which rise, covered with forest, to a height of 6,000 feet, and form the boundary to the East of the Kingdom of Upper Burmah. 
Photo 312/(36) East Gate of the inner enclosure of the Palace, [Mandalay]. This is the gate through which General Prendergast entered on the day he took King Theebaw prisoner. 
Photo 312/(37) Canal of the Queen's Garden south of the Palace, within the inner enclosure, [Mandalay]. 
Photo 312/(38) Road in the City [of Mandalay] looking towards the Palace and taken from the top of the South Gate. The road runs due North from the gate, the outer palisade of the Palace being at the extreme end of this road. 
Photo 312/(39) Bridge leading across the moat to the South Gate, taken from the road outside the moat, [Mandalay]. 
Photo 312/(40) This picture was taken to shew the thickness of the earthwork thrown up inside the walls. It is continued in the same manner all round the city; it rises to within a few feet of the top of the wall, and is, as may be seen, of considerable depth. 
Photo 312/(41) A Road in Mandalay, within the City Walls. This is a continuation of the road passing along the south face of the outer palace enclosure. 
Photo 312/(42) East face of the City Walls with Mandalay Hill in the distance, taken from the East Gate. Lying on the berm near the first zyat is a war canoe. These boats are beautifully constructed, in many cases gilded; they are manned by 50 or 60 rowers. 
Photo 312/(43) An ordinary Burmese Hut near the bottom of B road, [Mandalay]. It is made of bamboos and bamboo-matting, raised some feet off the ground on teak posts. 
Photo 312/(44) The lower part of C road, leading from the SW Gate of the City to the river, [Mandalay]. This is the road down which funerals used to go to the burying-ground, a little lower down on the left. 
Photo 312/(45) Scavengers. This is a characteristic view of one of the streets in the suburbs of Mandalay. 
Photo 312/(46) A picture illustrating the height to which the Crops grow round Mandalay. 
Photo 312/(47) South entrance to the Koo-thoo-daw, or Royal Merit House, [Mandalay]. This extraordinary place is situated about a quarter-of-a-mile to the north-east of the city. 
Photo 312/(48) A picture taken within the enclosure of the 'Koo-thoo-daw', [Mandalay], shewing some of the white shrine-like buildings in which are the marble slabs referred to in the description of the preceding photograph. 
Photo 312/(49) A Kyoung under Mandalay Hill, to the north-east of the city, used as a Hospital for the European troops. The spires on the city walls are seen in the distance. 
Photo 312/(50) Group of Pagodas on the road, near the river, leading from the bottom of B road to the landing-place, [Mandalay]. 
Photo 312/(51) The remains of a magnificent Kyoung, adjoining those occupied by the Hampshire Regiment, which was burnt down on the 24th March, 1886. 
Photo 312/(52) Interior of the Kootoo-ma-shee [Atumashi] or Incomparable Pagoda, [Mandalay], shewing the image of Gautama. The interior of this building is gorgeous in the extreme, it being entirely overlaid with gold leaf and decorated with pieces of looking-glass. 
Photo 312/(53) Specimen of the Wood Carving inside the Atoo-ma-shee or Incomparable Pagoda, [Mandalay]. The figures, scrolls, &c, are all carved of solid logs of teak, the whole of the interior of this building is overlaid with gold-leaf. 
Photo 312/(54) Interior of a Phoongyee Kyoung, to the east of Mandalay Hill, used as a bedroom by some of the Officers of the 2nd Madras Lancers. 
Photo 312/(55) Kyoungs under Mandalay Hill, occupied by Colonel Parsons and the Officers of the 2nd Madras Lancers. The nearest one, on the right, was used as Officers' quarters; it is the one of which the interior is represented in the last picture. 
Photo 312/(56) A Shikar party on the Bund of Nanda Tank, [Mandalay]. 
Photo 312/(57) A Stockade occupied by the Myinzein Myntha, a Prince who aspired to the vacant throne of Burmah, and who, having collected round him a band of some hundreds of Dacoits and other ruffians, harried the country to the E and SE of Mandalay for some time. 
Photo 312/(58) The Village of Pyntha, up in the Shan Hills, about six miles beyond Zee-bin-zee, to which a small force went from Zee-bin-zee on 11th January to make a reconnaissance and take observations. 
Photo 312/(59) View taken on a stream at Schdor, near the foot of the Shan Hills. There is only a small village at this place, but it is an exceedingly pretty spot. 
Photo 312/(60) Landing at Mandalay of HE the Viceroy and Governor-General of India and Lady Dufferin, on the afternoon of 12th February, 1886. 
Photo 312/(61) The Big Bell at Mengoon, a little above Mandalay, on the other side of the river. After the Great Bell at Moscow, this is probably the largest bell in the world. 
Photo 312/(62) An immense Pyah or basement built by King Mintaya Gyee at Mengoon, with the intention of erecting a Pagoda on it which should be the highest building in the world... 
Photo 312/(63) Signalling Station at Ava. This is the base of an unfinished Pagoda and is now used as a signalling station, being in direct communication with the Hill at Mandalay. 
Photo 312/(64) Five large figures in a ruined temple at Ava. 
Photo 312/(65) The right bank of the Irrawaddy above Sagain, opposite to Ava. 
Photo 312/(66) Ruins of one of the gateways of Pagan, the ancient capital of Burmah which was destroyed AD 1284. The little that remains to the present day of the old city walls shows that they must have been of immense thickness and solidity. 
Photo 312/(67) Base of the Great Golden Pagoda at Pagan. This is a very fine building and is in a good state of preservation. Being surrounded by a high wall it was impossible to get a picture of the whole of it. 
Photo 312/(68) One of the Ancient Pagodas in Pagan. It is built on a cruciform plan with entrances facing N, SE and W. 
Photo 312/(69) Doorway of a Chinese Temple in Bhamo. The entrance is a circular one through a massive stone wall 18 or 20 ft high. 
Photo 312/(70) View at Bhamo inside the Stockade occupied by our troops. The long thatched building seen through the trees was the Mess and Officers' Quarters of the 20th Punjaub Light Infantry. 
Photo 312/(71) East Gateway of the Stockade at Bhamo. 
Photo 312/(72) View up the Irrawaddy from Bhamo. The river at this part is broad though shallow at times and rather difficult to navigate on account of the numerous sandbanks. 
Photo 312/(73) A Print from a Negative (found in the Palace) of King Theebaw, Queen Soopy-a-lat and her sister. 
Photo 312/(74) A group of Phoongyees. Of these there are many thousands in and around Mandalay. Their dress is a yellow robe which they wrap round the body; it is usually thrown over the left shoulder. 
Photo 312/(75) A group of Dacoits captured near Mandalay. 
Photo 312/(76) A gang of Dacoits being conveyed down the river from Mandalay to Rangoon on board one of the Irrawaddy Flotilla Company's steamers. 
Photo 312/(77) A Cigar Shop in B Road, [Mandalay]. 
Photo 312/(78) A Vegetable Stall by the roadside at the Madras Lancer Lines, [Mandalay]. 
Photo 312/(79) John Chinaman in his shop in King's Bazaar, Mandalay. 
Photo 312/(80) A Plantain (or Banana) Stall in the Fruit Market at the bottom of the King's Bazaar, [Mandalay]. 
Photo 312/(81) Another shop in King's Bazaar, [Mandalay]. This is a Chatty Shop, and in it are sold all sorts of earthen waterpots, or chatties, and goglets for holding drinking water, which, being porous, keep the water cool in the hottest weather. 
Photo 312/(82) A Refreshment Stall, [Mandalay], in the road leading from the Palace to the East Gate of the City, where soda water, lemonade, and other non-alcoholic drinks can be procured by thirsty passers by, also bread and cakes of various descriptions. 
Photo 312/(83) A Baker's Shop in the Chinese quarter of the town. It is not perhaps a very inviting place, nevertheless the bread made in Mandalay is exceedingly good. 
Photo 312/(84) A Money Changer at one of the City Gates, [Mandalay]. These money changers are almost invariably women or young girls. 
Photo 312/(85) A Customer on the Roadside, [Mandalay]. This is a young girl who has come to buy some article of food from the woman squatting under the tree. 
Photo 312/(86) Phoongyees with Mendicant Pots in their hands going their rounds to receive the food given them by the charitably disposed, [Mandalay]. 
Photo 312/(87) A Well in the suburbs of Mandalay, near the Fish Market. 
Photo 312/(88) Much of the water used by the inhabitants within the city walls is drawn from the moat, and this is chiefly done by the small boys of the family who come out for that purpose, morning and evening... 
Photo 312/(89) A village scene in Upper Burmah, shewing oxen treading out the corn. 
Photo 312/(90) Another village scene, [in Upper Burma], shewing the next process to which the rice is subjected before it is fit for cooking. 
Photo 312/(91) One of the common Carts of the country bringing in fodder [to Mandalay]. The carts themselves consist of little more than a pair of wheels on an axle connected by a pole with the yoke. 
Photo 312/(92) A Mandalay Hansom. 
Photo 312/(93) A couple of Burmese young ladies, one of whom is engaged in making 'cheroots', an occupation which fills up a good deal of their time, the demand for these articles in Burmah being very great. 
Photo 312/(94) Phoongyees travelling on board one of the Irrawaddy Flotilla Company's steamers from Mandalay to Lower Burmah. 
Photo 312/(95) A Burmese Police Guard at Mandalay. 
Photo 312/(96) Munnipoories. The country to which these men belong lies to the north-west of Burmah. A good many of them are to be found in Mandalay, where they are engaged principally in the silk trade. 
Photo 312/(97) A group of Shans, taken at Bhamo. These tribes inhabit the mountainous country to the east of Upper Burmah. 
Photo 312/(98) Kaychins, a tribe inhabiting the hilly country to the east of Bhamo. 
Photo 312/(99) Another group of Kaychins. They were preparing their food in a wooden zyat or rest-house outside Bhamo. 
Photo 312/(100) Kaychins bringing wood into Bhamo. The carts used for that purpose are of the most primitive description, the wheels being sometimes made from one solid piece of wood; at other times, as in this case, of three pieces joined together. 

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