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Photographs Album details for shelfmark Photo 920/1

Skrine Collection: Views of Kashgar, Khotan, Yarkand and Chinese Turkestan.

Photographers: Sir Clarmont Percival Skrine and other
Contents: 199 prints Gelatin silver prints
Provenance: Purchased from J.W. Stewart of Perthshire October 1994.
Notes: Collection comprises Photo 920/1-5. See also Mss Eur F154
Description: Collection of 199 prints mainly relating to Skrine's period as Consul-General at Kashgar from 1922-24.

Sir Clarmont Percival Skrine (1888-1974) was educated at Winchester and New College, Oxford, before entering the Indian Civil Service in 1912. He served in South Persia (Sibi and Kermah) from 1915-19 and was Political Agent at Chagai in 1921 and at Quetta from 1921-22. From 1922-24 he served at British Consul-General for Turkestan at Kashgar, a period which is described in his 'Chinese Central Asia' (London, 1926). Many of the illustrations used in the book are included in this collection. Skrine was Consul for Soistan and Kain from 1927-29, in the latter year being appointed Political Agent, Sibi (Baluchistan). From 1932-35 he was Political Agent in Kalat and Chagai. In 1936 he returned to India as Resident for the Madras States (1936-39) and for the Punjab States 1939-41. He returned to Persia after this and served from 1942-26 as Consul-General in Meshed. From 1946 until his retirement in 1948, Skrine was Counsellor for Indian Affairs at Teheran. After his retirement from the service he was appointed by the firm Balfour Beatty & Co. to be Resident Director of the Jerusalem Electricity Corporation in connection with the scheme for obtaining electric power from the Jordan.

In 1925, accompanied by his wife Doris, he made a journey into the largely unknown valleys of the Kungar Alps in Chinese Turkestan, during which he mapped, photographed and surveyed the country. This journey was described in an article in 'The Times' in May 1925 and forms a central part of his 'Chinese Central Asia'. He also published in 1962 'World War in Iran' and in 1973, with Pamela Nightingale, 'Macartney in Kashgar'. His collection of paper from 1912-55 is held in the European Manuscripts Section (Mss Eur F154).

Album contents:-
Photo 920/1(1) The Consulate-General, Kashgar, from the north side of the valley of the Tumen Su (telephoto, 1 m. distance. At bottom, the river; beyond it, rice fields fringed with willows. 
Photo 920/1(2) D.F.S. [Doris Forbes Skrine] starting for church on her riding camel, Sulaiman, on a winter's morning. In the background, the Consulate General officices, Kashgar; on the right, the quarter-guard and gateway of the private residence of the C.G. 
Photo 920/1(3) The walls of Khotan. 
Photo 920/1(4) The sheep market, Khotan. 
Photo 920/1(5) Gateway of a mosque school, Yarkand. 
Photo 920/1(6) Kirghiz ponies at Karagot Kul, Kelpin District, South-west Tien Shan. Elevation 10,400 ft. 
Photo 920/1(7) D.F.S. [Doris Forbes Skrine] dispensing medicine to the Kirghiz of the Chopkana Jilgha, Alps of Qungur. 
Photo 920/1(8) D.F.S. [Doris Forbes Skrine] entertaining Kirghiz ladies. 
Photo 920/1(9) [Kirghiz women and children having a meal in the open.] 
Photo 920/1(10) Exploring with yaks among the alps of Qungur. 
Photo 920/1(11) Yaks grazing in the Arpa Glen, Alps of Chakragil. These yaks are bred by the Taghliks for the Kashgar meat market and are not used for transport as the Kirghiz use their yaks. 
Photo 920/1(12) The Oi Tagh Glacier, Alps of Chakragil. The foot of the 14,000 ft. north precipices of Chakragil can be seen in the background. On the left, the lateral moraine with the tops of trees appearing above it. 
Photo 920/1(13) Among the Aklps of Chakragil. The inhabitants of this valley are Taghliks, i.e. not Kirghiz but mountain-dwelling Sarts. The valleys on each side, the grazings and forests of which are far inferior, are inhabited by Kirghiz. 
Photo 920/1(14) Junction of the Bul Ush and Oi Tagh Glaciers. 
Photo 920/1(15) Waterfall about 700 ft. high on left side of the Oi Tagh Glacier. 
Photo 920/1(16) Hollow 200 ft. deep formed by the Bul Ush Glacier pushing the Oi Tagh across the valley against the mountain on the opposite side. The water has made a tunnel for itself, the lower end of which can be seen in another picture. 
Photo 920/1(17) Descending the Kaying side of the Kepek Pass. 
Photo 920/1(18) Kepek Pass, 15,230 ft., leading from Kaying to the Chimghan Jilgha (from the Kaying side). 
Photo 920/1(19) The Kepek Pass(?) 
Photo 920/1(20) The market place, Kashgar. 
Photo 920/1(21) The market place, Kashgar, from the mouth of one of the covered streets which lead to it. 
Photo 920/1(22) Old Kashgar from N. bank of Tumen River: Kashgar Range (Chinese Pamirs) 60-70 m. away in background. June 1923. 
Photo 920/1(23) The British Conuslate-General, Kashgar, from the W. 
Photo 920/1(24) King's Birthday Garden Party, 1924 [at Chini Bagh, Kashgar]; Mussulman guests in shamiana specially erected for the purpose in the rose garden. In front kneels the Imam, leading the prayer; he is the highest religious luminary of Kashgar. 
Photo 920/1(25) Elaborately-decorated wooden palace built for himself by General Ma at Kashgar new (Chinese) City just before his downfall. 
Photo 920/1(26) The Choll Kul, Takla Makan desert south-east of Maralbashi. 
Photo 920/1(27) Tombs in Uch Turfan Cemetery. 
Photo 920/1(28) [Unidentified lakeside house, (?)Kashgar.] 
Photo 920/1(29) Sheep farm at Yatim Dobe on the grassy southern slopes of the Central Tien Shan N.E. of Agsu, belonging to the Haji Saltar, ex-Russian Agsaka; of Agsu. 
Photo 920/1(30) Shiwakte I (N. peak), 19,000 ft. Shiwakte Range (short-focus view from 15,500 ft up W. side of Kaying Jilga). 
Photo 920/1(31) Shiwakte II under cloud, showing Kaying glaciers. 
Photo 920/1(32) Deodar forests of the Kaying Jilga, Karatash Valley: Mt. Aghalistan (Shiwakte Range) in background. Evening, July 1923. 
Photo 920/1(33) In the Yangi Art valley of the S.E. Tien Shan north of Uch Turfan; about 9,500 ft. Ibex grounds in background where I lost an easy chance at a good head owing to my rifle-oil freezing and causing a misfire. 
Photo 920/1(34) Specimen section of telepanorama of Central Tien Shan taken from wild sheep ground near Chigan Choll 26m. N. of Aksu, end of Sept. 1923. 
Photo 920/1(35) 20,000 ft. peak in previously unexplored country south of Kashgar, Sinkiang, C. Asia (Chinese Turkestan) [view along the Karatash Valley]. 
Photo 920/1(36) [View along the Karatash Valley.] 
Photo 920/1(37) [Unidentified mountain peak, Xinjiang.] 
Photo 920/1(39) [Unidentified valley, Xinjiang.] 
Photo 920/1(38) [Unidentified mountain scenery, Xinjiang.] 
Photo 920/1(40) [Camp beside unidentified river, Xinjiang.] 
Photo 920/1(41) [Unidentified mountain, Xinjiang.] 
Photo 920/1(42) [Unidentified mountain, Xinjiang.] 
Photo 920/1(43) [Telepanorama of Kunlun Mountains from north end of Imamlar Oasis, Keriya District.] 
Photo 920/1(44) Telepanorama of Tien Shan, 10 m. N. of Uch Turfan. 79°20'E looking N.N.W., Sept. 1923. Note loess bluffs on the Tushqan R. in foreground. 
Photo 920/1(45) The Central Tien Shan from near Uch Turfan; Khan Tengri (23,950 ft.) in middle background. 
Photo 920/1(46) Central Tien Shan from north of Aksu. 
Photo 920/1(47) Telepanorama of the Kashgar Range and (on the right) the Russian Pamirs from Kashgar, looking S.-S.W. Left centre foreground, the Consulate-General and its gardens. 
Photo 920/1(48) Telepanorama (Nov. '23) of Kashgar Range and Russian Pamirs from 1 mile south of Kashgar. Left-hand picture shows whole of Kungur Massif (25,146 ft.): middle one Chakragil (22,000 ft.). 
Photo 920/1(49) [Panoramic view of] The Hunza Valley, N. Kashmir (4 marches beyond Gilgit). Town of Baltit with Mir's castle on left. Rakaposhi (25,500 ft.) to right of centre. Kailas (24,000 ft.) centre. 
Photo 920/1(50) Crossing the Yangi Davan, 16,100 ft (Chinese Pamirs), July 1922. My wife riding a yak heads the caravan; kit follows on yaks and ponies. 
Photo 920/1(51) Mir of Hunza's house at Galmit. Where they stayed on the way to Kashgar. 
Photo 920/1(52) Riding into Khotan at the head of the British subjects (Doris riding camel). 
Photo 920/1(53) Starting on the day's march with mapas (Peking carts) from Chinese rest-house at Moji (Yarkand-Khotan road). 
Photo 920/1(54) Travelling by Chinese cart on the Khotan road; starting in the morning from a village rest-house. Note the innkeeper's hay stacked on the roof of his quarters. 
Photo 920/1(55) Country sight-seers starting in carts for shrine of Hazrat Apak in Yarkand. 
Photo 920/1(56) Climbing the Kayingning Ture, head of Kaying Valley. Perpendicular strata (limestone) of the Zumurrat peaks in background. 
Photo 920/1(57) At the highest point reached, Kayingning glen (13,000 ft.). In the middle distance is the moraine of an ancient glacier of vast size. 
Photo 920/1(58) [Unidentified camp scene, Xinjiang.] 
Photo 920/1(59) 'Jour de fête' at Kaying Bashi. Men's tea-party in foreground, ladies in background. Kitchen (where several sheep were stewed the same morning) on left. 
Photo 920/1(60) A Kirghiz bridge, Alps of Qungur, Kashgar Range. 
Photo 920/1(61) A Kirghiz bridge (Karatash River). Ladies had just been calling on us: the one in front was carrying 3-month old twins. The 'road' goes along the face of the cliff in the background! 
Photo 920/1(62) Tobogganing yaks down over a snow cornice, Merki Dawan (16,500 ft.). 
Photo 920/1(63) Arrival of the Mir's yaks at Lopzag. 
Photo 920/1(64) Caravan laden with 'Kham' (Kashgar cotton cloth) between Goma and Khotan on the ancient 'Silk Road'. 
Photo 920/1(65) Caravan laden with 'Kham' (Kashgar cotton cloth) between Goma and Khotan on the ancient 'Silk Road'. 
Photo 920/1(66) Our caravan in the lower Karatash Valley. 
Photo 920/1(67) A tarantass (with D. [Doris Skrine] in it) crossing the Takla Makan Desert, Khotan-Yarkand road. 
Photo 920/1(68) Our baggage-ponies watering at pools among the jungles of the Tarim River, Aqsu-Maralbashi road. 
Photo 920/1(69) 'How we took the pelican to the wilderness.' 
Photo 920/1(70) [Party walking in the hills, (?)Hunza.] 
Photo 920/1(71) [Two unidentified Indian figures in the hills, (?)Hunza.] 
Photo 920/1(72) The Mir of Hunza and his sons. 
Photo 920/1(73) At ex-Taoyin Chu's lunch party in a Yarkand garden lent for the occasion, March 30th 1923. 
Photo 920/1(74) At the Temple of Nyang Nyang, Khotan, May 1924: Ma Tungling, Mr Kerakin Moldovack, self and Li Amban. 
Photo 920/1(75) A Chinese General in full array; Gen. Ma, Titai (G.O.C.) Southern Chinese Turkestan. Publicly executed on 3rd June '24. 
Photo 920/1(76) Chu, ex Taoyin of Kashgar. Here for six years, and a first-class man, 1917-23. 
Photo 920/1(77) Doris [Skrine] and escort at Kashgar. 
Photo 920/1(78) A Turki ladies' tea party, lower middle class [Kashgar]. 
Photo 920/1(79) [Group of Turki women, probably at Chini Bagh, Kashgar.] 
Photo 920/1(80) A 'Kalandar' (beggar) of Aksu Old City. 
Photo 920/1(81) A story-teller and his audience, Karghalik. 
Photo 920/1(82) A Dulani girl of Merket on the Tarim River, two marches below Yarkand. 
Photo 920/1(83) A Dulani girl of Merket on the Tarim River, two marches below Yarkand. 
Photo 920/1(84) Kirghiz women at Kaying Bashi: Mt Aghalistan (Shiwakte Range) in background. 
Photo 920/1(85) Kirghiz women visitors, Qizil Tagh region. 
Photo 920/1(86) Kirghiz women, Chinese Pamirs [Yangi-hissar District]. 
Photo 920/1(87) Kirghiz of Kaying Bashi. 
Photo 920/1(88) [Portrait of two Kirghiz women.] 
Photo 920/1(89) Kirghiz ladies in the Kinkol Valley, Yangi Hissar district. The smiles are due to a present of safety-pins just received. 
Photo 920/1(90) The evening miking of the sheep, Yambulak Jilgha, Chinese Pamirs. 
Photo 920/1(91) Chopping straw at a farm on the southern slopes of the Central Tien Shan (the trees were all bright gold). 
Photo 920/1(92) [Turki women at a feast, (?)Kashgar.] 
Photo 920/1(93) [Portrait of a Kashmiri girl.] 
Photo 920/1(94) [Portrait of a woman and child (?)from Hunza.] 
Photo 920/1(95) Nagir princes on horseback with retinue for present Mir. 
Photo 920/1(96) Nagir princes on horseback with retinue for present Mir. 
Photo 920/1(97) Copper pot (Khotan pierced metal work). 
Photo 920/1(98) Graeco-Buddhist plaster head (Khotan). 
Photo 920/1(99) Graeco-Buddhist plaster head (Khotan). 
Photo 920/1(100) Appliqué terra-cotta ornaments [smiling mask, camel and two heads]. 
Photo 920/1(101) [Khotan work: woman's embroidered dress.] 
Photo 920/1(102) [Kucha and Khotan work embroidery.] 
Photo 920/1(103) Khotan work: multi-coloured chain stitch embroidery on silk fabric from a woman's dress. Note combination of Persian flower-pattern with Chinese designs. 
Photo 920/1(104) [Snapshot portrait of Clarmont and Doris Skrine at Chini Bagh, Kashgar,] Taken by Gen. Pigot with his camera, July '23. 
Photo 920/1(105) Our Mussulman Chinese subject guests at the King's Birthday G.P. [garden party, Chini Bagh, Kashgar]. 
Photo 920/1(106) Man with hawk, Kizil Bazar. 
Photo 920/1(107) Crossing the Chopkana Pass (11,600 ft.) with yaks. Kaying Valley in background (July '23). D. [Doris Skrine] on extreme left. 
Photo 920/1(108) [Still-life of fruits and vegetables, probably taken at Chini Bagh, Kashgar.] 
Photo 920/1(109) 'Yar' or cliff at Yotkan (ancient capital of the Kingdom of Khotan) showing stratum of bones and pottery, here 2½ ft. thick. 
Photo 920/1(110) The stratum of bones, pottery, 15ft. below ground level that was laid bare 2 years ago at Yotkan, near Khotan. 
Photo 920/1(111) This is not a scene on the moon, but an overprinted 'Velox' telephoto of a glacier and the peaks at its head in the mountains which divide the Kaying from Chingan Valley. July '23. 
Photo 920/1(112) Mountains at head of Tigarmansa Jilga, with Kungan 7 miles away to right, behind. Taken from rock in similar snow-cornice to that in foregound, 15,600 ft. 'Shiwakte 2' (about 22,000 ft., discovered by me) left foreground. 
Photo 920/1(113) Argalistan Pass, head of Kaying Jilga, and Shiwakte 2 (22,000 ft., seen for first time by me) from point 14,500 ft.up on S. side of Cathedral Spires ridge. 
Photo 920/1(114) The Shiwakte Range (on right) from the N. (end on). Taken from 15,600 ft. on knife-edge ridge above our camp at Kaying. 
Photo 920/1(115) From 5,500 ft. above our camp at Kaying Bashi looking S. towards 'Cathedral Spires' (left centre) and some of the glacier discovered by us. 'Shiwakte 3' in middle (17,000 ft.). 
Photo 920/1(116) [Prints 116-201: Miscellaneous views of Srinagar, Kashgar and Turkestan.] 

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