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Detailed record for Egerton 675

Author Bernard of Clairvaux
Title Sermons
Origin Netherlands, N. (Delft?)
Date 1461
Language Dutch
Script Gothic cursive
Decoration 1 large puzzle initial in red and blue with pen-flourishing in blue and red, developing a three-sided border (f. 3). 7 smaller initials in blue, with reserved designs, with red pen-flourishing (ff. 7, 21, 53, 134, 139, 150, 180). Small initials in plain red.
Dimensions in mm 206 x 157 (139 x 90) in 2 columns
Official foliation ff. 205 (ff. 201-203 are paper flyleaves; f. 204 is a medieval parchment flyleaf; + 1 paper flyleaf at the beginning, and 1 at the end)
Form Paper codex
Binding Pre-1600. Blind-tooled brown leather over wooden boards, with hornplate label framed by metalwork to upper board; rebacked.
Provenance Colophon including the date 1461 'Dit booc heeft gescreuen suster machtelt gheryts dochter tot eenre memorie ...', and 'Dit booc is gescreuen int iaer ons heren MCCCC ende lxi op sinte leonaerdus dach gheeyndet' (f. 200v).
The Augustinian nunnery of St. Agnes, Delft: inscribed 'Dit boec hoert totten regulierissen tsinte agineten binnen delf inden dale van iozaphat' (f. 204).
Adam Clarke (b. 1762, d. 1832), Wesleyan Methodist minister and scholar: his sale, 21 May 1838, lot 14 (see notes).
Purchased from Baynes & Son, 29 May 1838 (note on 1st flyleaf), using the Bridgewater fund (£12,000 bequeathed in 1829 by Francis Henry Egerton, 8th Earl of Bridgewater (b. 1756, d. 1829).
Notes f. 205 is a text leaf of an undecorated 15th-century Latin text recycled as a flyleaf.
After his death, Adam Clarke's library passed to his son, Rev. J. B. B. Clarke. He auctioned the printed books at Evans's on 18 February, 1833, and published a detailed catalogue of the manuscripts in 1835. According to Frederic Madden's annotations in the Department of Manuscripts copies of the catalogues, the manuscripts were bought by the booksellers Baynes & Straker (or Baynes & Son), who first issued a catalogue with fixed prices in 1836, and then offered them for sale by auction at Sotheby’s on 20 June, 1836. Almost all the lots were bought in, and re-offered at Sotheby’s on 21 May, 1838, but the auction was stopped at lot 5 'in consequence of no bidders appearing'. A selection of manuscripts were then purchased privately by the British Museum for £126 19s. 6d. (Egerton MSS 628-709), and a further 17 lots were purchased subsequently for £2 9s. 6d. (Egerton MSS 710-730).
Select bibliography List of Additions to the Manuscripts in the British Museum in the Years 1836-1840 (London: British Museum, 1843), no. Eg. 675.

Karel Frans Idesbald de Flou and Edward Gaillard, Beschrijving van Middelnederlandsche en andere handschriften die in Engeland bewaard worden (Ghent, Siffer, 1895), no. 43.

Andrew G. Watson, Catalogue of Dated and Datable Manuscripts c.700-1600 in the Department of Manuscripts, The British Library, 2 vols (London: British Library, 1979), I, no. 581.

J. P. Gumbert, The Dutch and their Books in the Manuscript Age, The Panizzi Lectures, 1989 (London: British Library, 1990), p. 87 n. 60.


Images
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Puzzle initial

f. 3
Puzzle initial
Flourished initial

f. 150
Flourished initial

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