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Detailed record for Additional 26968

Part 1 ff. 1-342 
Title Prayer book (Forli Siddur) for the entire year, Italian rite
Origin Italy, Central (Romagna, Forli)
Date 1383
Language Hebrew
Script Italian semi-cursive script, partially punctuated
Scribe Moses ben Jekutiel Hefetz of the Tzifroni family
Decoration 32 marginal illustrations in colours (ff. 167v, 168, 207, 207v, 209v, 210, 238, 244, 248, 251v, 253, 290, 298v, 301, 303v, 304, 304v, 305, 305v, 306, 306v, 307, 307v, 308, 308v, 316v, 325v, 326, 329v, 338v, 339, 339v, 340). 1 full-page miniature of a coat of arms (f. 340v).
Numerous partial foliate borders inhabited by birds and animals, in colours (from 205v on). 4 initial-word panels accompanied by animals and hybrids (ff. 262v, 270v, 271, 271v). 1 initial-word panel included into a depiction of a sukkah (f. 295).
6 marginal illustrations of coats of arms (ff. 230, 259v, 294v, 324, 325, 336). Maniculae, e.g., on ff. 153, 154, 212v, 305v, 324.
Dimensions in mm 140 x 100 (80 x 50)
 
Part 2  
Origin Italy, N. (Veneto)
Date 2nd or 3rd quarter of the fifteenth century
Decoration 12 added textual illustrations in panels in the margins in colours and gold (ff. 101, 110v, 111v, 112, 112v, 118, 118v, 119, 119v, 139v, 145). Numerous decorated initial-word panels with elaborated pen-flourishing in the margin, in red and blue ink (until f. 163).
 
Official foliation ff. 343 (+ 3 unfoliated modern paper flyleaves at the beginning and 1 older and 3 modern unfoliated paper flyleaves at the end)
Collation 35 quires: i10 (ff. 1-10), ii10 (ff. 11-20), iii12 (ff. 21-32), iv10 (ff. 33-42), v10 (ff. 43-52), vi10 (ff. 53-62), vii10 (ff. 63-72), viii10 (ff. 73-82), ix10 (ff. 83-92), x10 (ff. 93-102), xi10 (ff. 103-112), xii10 (ff. 113-122), xiii10 (ff. 123-132), xiv10 (ff. 133-142), xv10 (ff. 143-152), xvi10 (ff. 153-162), xvii10 (ff. 163-172), xviii8 (ff. 173-180), xix8-1 (ff. 181-187), xx10 (ff. 188-197), xxi10 (ff. 198-207), xxii10 (ff. 208-217), xxiii10 (ff. 218-227), xxiv10 (ff. 228-237), xxv10 (ff. 238-247), xxvi10 (ff. 248-257), xxvii10 (ff. 258-267), xxviii10 (ff. 268-277), xxix10 (ff. 278-287), xxx10 (ff. 288-297), xxxi10 (ff. 298-307), xxxii10 (ff. 308-317v), xxxiii10 (ff. 318-327), xxxiv10 (ff. 328-337), xxxv8 (ff. 338-343)—after f. 342 2 unfoliated leaves.
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house.
Provenance Moses ben Jekuthiel Hefetz of the Tzifroni family, the scribe: inscribed with his name in the colophon, Forli, 1 Shvat [5]143 [1383] (f. 323v); probably his arms (ff. 259v, 325).
Daniel ben Samuel ha-Rofe, the patron: inscribed with his name in the colophon, Forli, 1 Shvat [5]143 [1393] (f. 323v); his arms (ff. 230, 294v, 336, 340v); three other manuscripts are linked to Daniel ben Samuel ha-Rofe: British Library, Or. 2736; Oxford, Bodleian Library, MS Can. Or. 81; Venice, Jewish Museum, MS 85. See Narkiss, 1984.
Abraham ben Solomon: inscribed with his name in a purchase note, mostly illegible, Bologna, [5]193 [1433] (f. 343v).
Laurentius Franguellus (fl. until 1596), censor: inscribed with his name, 1575 (f. 342); see William Popper, The Censorship of Hebrew Books (New York: KTAV Publishing House, 1969), p. 78, appendix § 105-110.
Note of birth: inscribed [5]349 [1589] (f. 342v).
Hippolite of Ferrara, Franciscan censor (active at the end of the 16th century-beginning of 17th century, in Cremona?): inscribed with his name (f. 343v); see William Popper, The Censorship of Hebrew Books (New York: KTAV Publishing House, 1969), appendix § 18-19, 93.
D’Angelo Levi quem Amadeo di Lodovo: inscribed with his name in Latin characters, undated (f. 1).
Giuseppe Almanzi (b. 1801, d. 1860), Italian bibliophile: his manuscript no. 79: inscribed (f. [345v]); 322 Hebrew manuscripts were acquired from his library in October 1865 through Adolphus Asher (b. 1800, d. 1853), Berlin bookseller and dealer to the British Museum 1841-1853 (see David Paisey, 'Adolphus Asher (1800-1853): Berlin bookseller, anglophile and friend to Panizzi', in The British Library Journal, 23 [1997], 131-53): inscribed (f. [345v]).
Notes The manuscript is imperfect at the beginning, and there is a gap after f. 152. Flesh side and hair side are distinguishable.
Erased text (f. 26v). Ruling and pricking are visible.
Select bibliography Samuele Davide Luzzatto, Giuseppe Almanzi, Catalogue de la bibliothèque de littérature hébraïque et orientale de feu Mr Joseph Almanzi (Padua: Antoine Bianchi, 1864), p. 16 (in the Hebrew part).

Israel Davidson, Otsar ha-shirah veha piyut: mi-zeman hatimat kitve ha- kodesh ad reshit tekufat ha-haskalah [Thesaurus of Mediaeval Hebrew Poetry] (New York: Bet midrash ha-Rabanim de-Amerikah, 1924-1933) [on the text].

Aaron Freimann, 'Jewish Scribes in Medieval Italy', in Alexander Marx Jubilee Volume (New York: Jewish Theological Seminary of America, 1950), pp. 231-342 (no. 367a).

George Margoliouth, Catalogue of the Hebrew and Samaritan Manuscripts in the British Museum, 4 vols (London: British Museum, 1899-1935; vols I-III repr. 1965); IV, Introduction, Indexes, ed. by Jacob Leveen (London: British Museum, 1977), II, no. 616.

Hava Lazar, 'Jonah, the Tower, and the Lions: an Eighteenth Century Italian Silver Book Binding', Journal of Jewish Art, 3-4 (1977), pp. 58-73 (pp. 68-69).

Bezalel Narkiss, Kitvei yad ivriyim metzuyarim (Jerusalem: Keter, 1984), pp. 59, 192 n. 147.

Bezalel Narkiss, 'Three Jewish Art Patrons in Mediaeval Italy', in Festschrift Reuben R. Hecht (Koren Publishers Jerusalem Ltd., 1984), pp. 296-307 (pp. 302-05).

Mortara Luisa Ottolenghi, “Manoscritti Emiliagno-Romagnoli del XIV-XV secolo. Un punto d’Incontro tra miniatori cristiani ed ebrei?” in Atti del terzo convegno tenuto a Idice, Bologna, nei giorni 9-11 novembre 1982 Associazione italiana per lo studio del giudaismo. Convegno (3rd: 1982: Idice, Italy), (Roma: Carucci, 1985), pp. 103-13 (pp. 109-110).

Louisella Mortara-Ottolenghi, 'The Illuminations and the Artists', in The Rothschild Miscellany (Jerusalem: Israel Museum, 1989), p. 173, n. 14.

Mendel Metzger, 'Two Centuries (13th-14th) of Hebrew Manuscript Ilumination in Italy', in Die Juden in ihrer Mittelalterlichen Umwelt eds. by Alfred Ebenbauer and Klaus Zatloukal (Vienna: Böhnlau Verlag, 1991), pp. 131-50 (pp. 134 and 141).

The´re`se and Mendel Metzger, Jewish Life in the Middle Ages: Illuminated Hebrew Manuscripts of the Thirteenth to the Sixteenth Centuries (New York: Alpine Fine Arts Collection, 1982), p. 304.

David Goldstein, Hebrew Manuscript Painting (London: The British Library, 1985), pp. 54-55.

Ilana Tahan, Hebrew Manuscripts: The Power of Script and Image (London, British Library, 2007), p. 74.

Bracha Yaniv, Ma'aseh Roqem: Textile Ceremonial Objects in the Ashkenazi Sephardi and Italian Synagogues (Jerusalem: Makhon Ben Tzvi, 2009), pp. 30-32.


Images

Part  1   ff. 1-342
Prayer book (Forli Siddur) for the entire year, Italian rite
* * *
 
Decorated initial-word panel

f. 9
Decorated initial-word panel
Decorated initial-word panels

ff. 26v-27
Decorated initial-word panels
Decorated initial-word panels

ff. 28v-29
Decorated initial-word panels
 
Decorated initial-word panel

f. 84v
Decorated initial-word panel
Decorated initial-word panel

f. 93
Decorated initial-word panel
Lighting of the Hanukkah lamp

f. 101
Lighting of the Hanukkah lamp
 
Lighting of the Hanukah lamp

f. 101
Lighting of the Hanukah lamp
Seder table

f. 110v
Seder table
Textual illustrations

f. 111v
Textual illustrations
 
Rabban Gamliel

f. 118
Rabban Gamliel
Rabban Gamliel

f. 118
Rabban Gamliel
Matzah and maror

f. 118v
Matzah and maror
 
Man in prayer

f. 119
Man in prayer
Man in prayer

f. 119
Man in prayer
Seder table

f. 119v
Seder table
 
Seder table

f. 119v
Seder table
Torah scroll

f. 139v
Torah scroll
Giving of the Law

f. 145
Giving of the Law
 
Praying figures

ff. 167v-168
Praying figures
Lion and duck

f. 207
Lion and duck
Lion

f. 207
Lion
 
Man pointing to his eye

f. 207v
Man pointing to his eye
Man pointing to his eye

f. 207v
Man pointing to his eye
Purim

ff. 209v-210
Purim
 
Animals and birds

ff. 215v-216
Animals and birds
Coat of arms

f. 230
Coat of arms
Coat of arms

f. 230
Coat of arms
 
Blowing the shofar

f. 238
Blowing the shofar
Blowing the shofar

f. 244
Blowing the shofar
Blowing the shofar

f. 244
Blowing the shofar
 
Blowing the shofar

f. 248
Blowing the shofar
Blowing the shofar

f. 248
Blowing the shofar
Duck

f. 249v
Duck
 
Duck

f. 249v
Duck
Blowing the shofar

f. 251v
Blowing the shofar
Man and lion fighting

f. 253
Man and lion fighting
 
Man and lion fighting

f. 253
Man and lion fighting
Coat of arms

f. 259v
Coat of arms
Dragon and hybrid

f. 262v
Dragon and hybrid
 
Dragon and hybrid

f. 262v
Dragon and hybrid
Embellished column

f. 270v
Embellished column
Rooster and dog

f. 277
Rooster and dog
 
Dog

f. 277
Dog
Birds

f. 279v
Birds
Birds

f. 279v
Birds
 
Dog and birds

f. 280v
Dog and birds
Dog and birds

f. 280v
Dog and birds
Wolf and lamb

f. 281v
Wolf and lamb
 
Wolf and lamb

f. 281v
Wolf and lamb
Magpies

f. 282v
Magpies
Magpies

f. 282v
Magpies
 
Nest

f. 283v
Nest
Nest

f. 283v
Nest
Bear

f. 284v
Bear
 
Bear

f. 284v
Bear
Neilah

f. 287
Neilah
Neilah

f. 287
Neilah
 
Man in prayer

f. 290
Man in prayer
Man in prayer

f. 290
Man in prayer
Coat of arms

f. 294v
Coat of arms
 
Coat of arms

f. 294v
Coat of arms
Sukkah

f. 295
Sukkah
Man with lulav

f. 298v
Man with lulav
 
Man with lulav

f. 298v
Man with lulav
Man in prayer

f. 301
Man in prayer
Man in prayer

f. 301
Man in prayer
 
Hoshanot

ff. 303v-304
Hoshanot
Hoshanot

f. 305v
Hoshanot
Hoshanot

f. 305v
Hoshanot
 
Sukkah

f. 316v
Sukkah
Sukkah

f. 316v
Sukkah
Coat of arms

f. 325
Coat of arms
 
~Seudat mafseqet~

f. 325v
Seudat mafseqet
Mourner

f. 326
Mourner
Mourner

f. 326
Mourner
 
Coat of arms

f. 336
Coat of arms
Men in prayer and an atournament scene

ff. 338v-339
Men in prayer and an atournament scene
Man wrestling with a lion

f. 340
Man wrestling with a lion
 
Man wrestling with a lion

f. 340
Man wrestling with a lion
Coat of arms

f. 340v
Coat of arms

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