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Detailed record for Stowe 57

Title 'Scutum Bede', a collection of Latin treatises, including a Libellus de nominibus naturalium rerum (ff. 155v-165)
Origin England, E. (East Anglia or Peterborough?)
Date between 1154 and c. 1200
Language Latin, with some English and French
Script Protogothic, probably by several scribes
Decoration 2 drawings in ink of a father and son (f. 2). Tables, frames, and diagrams in red or red and green, some with crosses. Large initials in green, red, yellow, black, or blue, many with penwork decoration in another colour or colours, 2 with a face (ff. 48v, 93v). 3 initials in purple with red penwork decoration (ff. 64, 67v, 71). Small initials in red, green, or blue. Some highlighting of initials, text, or letters in a yellow wash. Colour notes in pencil (e.g., f. 151v, where r = red and g = green).
Dimensions in mm 290 x 175 (195 x 75) for the main text
Official foliation ff. 166 ( + unfoliated paper flyleaves with watermarks; medieval foliation in Roman numerals in the upper margin 'i' - 'clxxii'
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Brown speckled leather, blind tooling.
Provenance Compiled by Geoffrey of Ufford: inscription in a 12th-century hand 'Scutum Bede. Collectiuus Gaufridi de Ufford' (f. 1); the last pope listed is Alexander (reigned 1159-1181); one of the texts is a chronicle which ends with the coronation of King Henry II in 1154, and which gives emphasis to events relating to Thorney, Peterborough, Ramsey, etc.; thus, this work may have been composed in the area of Peterborough in or soon after 1159; see Ker.
Thomas Hatcher (b. c. 1589, d. c. 677), parliamentarian army officer: inscribed ‘Tho. Hatcheri liber 1611’ (f. 1).
Thomas Martin of Palgrave (b. 1697, d. 1771), antiquary, in 1729: his signature ‘Tho. Martin’ (inside upper cover), and his note of the price and date? 'pr' £1a. 1s. 0d./1729.' (inside upper cover); his sale, 19 May 1774, lot 241; bought by Gough.
Richard Gough (b. 1735, d. 1809), antiquary; his sale, 5 April 1810, lot 2409; see Ker.
Richard Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville (b. 1776, d. 1839), 1st duke of Buckingham and Chandos, of Stowe House, near Buckingham.
Richard Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville (b. 1797, d. 1861), 2nd duke of Buckingham and Chandos: sold in 1849 to Lord Ashburnham.
Bertram Ashburnham (b. 1797, d. 1878), 4th earl of Ashburnham, of Ashburnham Place, Sussex.
Bertram Ashburnham (b. 1840, d. 1913), 5th earl of Ashburnham: purchased by the British Museum from him together with 1084 other Stowe manuscripts in 1883.
Notes Leaves have been cut out between ff. 1 and 2, 53 and 54 (two), 86 and 87, 118 and 119 (two), 162 and 163, and cut in part, ff. 58, 66, 88, 118, 120, 133-135, 139, 143, 163-164.
Prickings made in groups of three.
Select bibliography Catalogue of the Stowe Manuscripts in the British Museum, 2 vols (London: British Museum, 1895-1896), I, no. 57.

Robert Max Garrett, 'Middle English and French Glosses from MS. Stowe 57', Archiv für das Studium der neueren Sprachen und Literaturen, New Series, 21 (1908), 411-12.

R. Derolez, Runica Manuscripta: The English Tradition, Rijksuniversiteit te Gent Werken Uitgegeven door de Faculteit van de Wijsbegeerte en Letteren, 118 (Brugges: De Tempel, 1954), p. lviii.

N. R. Ker, Catalogue of Manuscripts containing Anglo-Saxon (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1957), no. 272.

Margaret Laing, Catalogue of Sources for a Linguistic Atlas of Early Medieval English (Cambridge: Brewer, 1993), p. 107.

Richard Sharpe, Handlist of the Latin Writers of Great Britain and Ireland Before 1540 (Turnhout: Brepols, 1997), p. 128 no. 342.

The Medieval Bestiary: Animals in the Middle Ages, ed. by David Badke, [http://bestiary.ca/manuscripts/manulocshelf.htm] [accessed 14 August 2009].


Images
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Ink drawings

f. 2
Ink drawings
Detail

f. 2
Detail
Decorated initials

f. 48v
Decorated initials
 
Detail

f. 48v
Detail
Coloured initials

f. 136v
Coloured initials
Detail

f. 136v
Detail
 
Decorated initials

f. 137
Decorated initials
Detail

f. 137
Detail
Decorated initials with colour notes

f. 151v
Decorated initials with colour notes
 
Detail

f. 151v
Detail
Detail

f. 151v
Detail
Decorated initial

f. 156
Decorated initial
 
Detail

f. 156
Detail

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