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Detailed record for Stowe 3

Part 1 ff. 2-224v 
Title The Four Gospels, preceded by a prologue and Jerome's letter, with table of chapters and argumenta; a lectionary (ff. 216-224)
Origin Netherlands, S. (Stavelot)
Date 1st half of the 11th century
Language Latin
Script Caroline minuscule
Decoration 1 full-page miniature of Matthew writing at a desk with his symbol holding a scroll above in colours (f. 2v). 1 full- page unfinished 'LI'(ber) monogram in green and gold on purple parchment with birds for the beginning of Matthew (f. 15). Arches for canon tables, with birds, dragons, or hybrids, and foliate or inhabited capitals, left unfilled (ff. 3-8). 1 unfinished large sketch in pencil for a miniature of Mark writing with his symbol, and the beginning of his Gospel (f. 72v). 3 sketches in pencil and purple ink for large initials with foliate decoration at the beginning of Luke and of John (ff. 111v, 112, 172). Large and small simple initials in red or brown. Running headings in red.
Dimensions in mm 340 x 220 (220 x 120)
 
Part 2  
Title Three ivory plaques set in the upper cover
Origin Eastern Mediterranean
Date 13th century
Language Greek inscription
Script Greek majuscule
Decoration The centre plaque is of the Virgin and Child, with gilded haloes and inscriptions 'MP' and 'KY' in red; the left plaque is a saint whose name is almost entirely effaced [Theodore?], with the Archangel Michael above, and that on the right another saint, also with partially effaced inscription [George?], with the Archangel Gabriel above.
Dimensions in mm two 95 x 35; centre 100 x 75
 
Official foliation ff. 224 ( + 1 original blank leaf after f. 215; f. 1 is an inserted sheet of paper)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Brown leather over wooden boards, with 13th century ivory plaques set into the upper cover.
Provenance The Benedictine abbey of Stavelot: stylistic evidence (see discussion Nordenfalk 1971).
f. 1 is a 19th-century note in French.
Richard Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville (b. 1776, d. 1839), 1st duke of Buckingham and Chandos, of Stowe House, near Buckingham.
Richard Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville (b. 1797, d. 1861), 2nd duke of Buckingham and Chandos: inscribed 'Pron 3 No. 27' corresponding to the catalogue by O'Conor; sold in 1849 to Lord Ashburnham.
Bertram Ashburnham (b. 1797, d. 1878), 4th earl of Ashburnham, of Ashburnham Place, Sussex.
Bertram Ashburnham (b. 1840, d. 1913), 5th earl of Ashburnham: purchased by the British Museum from him together with 1084 other Stowe manuscripts in 1883.
Select bibliography Charles O'Conor, Bibliotheca Ms. Stowensis: A Descriptive Catalogue of the Manuscripts in the Stowe Library, 2 vols (Buckingham: Seeley, 1818-1819), II, pp. 39-42.

Catalogue of the Stowe Manuscripts in the British Museum, 2 vols (London: British Museum, 1895-1896), I, no. 3.

Wilhelm Köhler, 'Die Karolingischen Miniaturen', in Zweiten Bericht über die Denkmäler Deutscher Kunst (Berlin: Reimer, 1912), pp. 51-77 (p. 62).

Georg Swarzenski, Die Salzburger Malerei, 2 vols (Leipzig: Hiersemann, 1913), I, 28 n. 1.

Theodor Klauser, Das ro¨mische capitulare evangeliorum: Texte und Untersuchungen zu seiner a¨ltesten Geschichte, Liturgiegeschichtliche Quellen und Forschungen, 28 (Munster: Aschendorffschen, 1935), p. LI no. 174.

Franz Ronig, Die Buchmaleriei des 11. und 12. Jahrhunderts in Verdun (Cologne: n. pub., 1967), p. 192 n. 385.

Carl Nordenfalk, Codex Caesareus Upsaliensis: An Echternach Gospel-Book of the Eleventh Century (Stockholm: Almquist & Wiksell, 1971), pp. 141-42..

Hanns Swarzenski, Monuments of Romanesque Art: The Art of Church Treasures in North-Western Europe, 2nd ed., (London: Faber and Faber, 1974), pl. 82, fig. 190.

Christopher de Hamel, The British Library Guide to Manuscript Illumination: History and Techniques (London: British Library, 2001), pl. 47.


Images

Part  1   ff. 2-224v
The Four Gospels, preceded by a prologue and Jerome's letter, with table of chapters and argumenta; a lectionary (ff. 216-224)
* * *
 
Miniature and canon table

ff. 2v-3
Miniature and canon table
Canon tables

ff. 3v-4
Canon tables
Canon tables

ff. 4v-5
Canon tables
 
Canon tables.

ff. 5v-6
Canon tables.
Canon tables.

ff. 6v-7
Canon tables.
Canon tables.

ff. 7v-8
Canon tables.
 
Canon tables.

ff. 8v-9
Canon tables.
Illuminated initial

f. 15
Illuminated initial
Text

f. 72
Text
 
Mark.

f. 72v
Mark.
Unfinished initials

ff. 111v-112
Unfinished initials
Text

ff. 142v-143
Text
 
Text

f. 143
Text
Text

ff. 172v-173
Text
Text

f. 180v
Text
 

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