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Detailed record for Arundel 157

Part 1 ff. 1v-2 
Title Prayer
Origin England, S. E. (St Albans)
Date c. 1240
Language Latin
Script Gothic
Scribe Matthew Paris
Artists probably by Matthew Paris
Decoration 1 half-page miniature at the beginning of a prayer to the Holy Face, or Veronica image, in colours and gold (f. 2). Small initial in blue with red penwork decoration. Small initials in red or blue.
Dimensions in mm 295 x 200 (205 x 130)
 
Part 2 ff. 3-131 
Title Psalter, including a calendar (ff. 13-18v)
Origin England, Central (Oxford)
Date 1st quarter of the 13th century
Language Latin
Script Gothic
Artists Attributed to Hand B of the Munich Psalter (Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, Clm. 835), with possibly an assistant, and the minor decoration to the same artists as that of Harley 2905 and Victoria and Albert Museum, MS L.404-1916 (see Morgan, 1982)
Decoration 20 large miniatures, each with 2 scenes, forming a cycle of Christological images (ff. 3, 3v, 4, 4v, 5, 5v, 6, 6v, 7, 7v, 8, 8v, 9, 9v, 10, 10v, 11, 11v, 12, 12v). 24 calendar roundels, 2 for each month (ff. 13, 13v, 14, 14v, 15, 15v, 16, 16v, 17, 17v, 18, 18v). 1 full-page channel style initial at the beginning of the first words of Psalm 1 (f. 19). 8 large historiated initials at the beginning of Psalms 26, 51, 52, 68, 80, 97, 109, and the Canticles (ff. 34v, 51v, 52, 60v, 71v, 82, 93, 116). Numerous smaller initials, historiated, zoomorphic, or 'Channel style', for each Psalm. Small initials in plain red or blue. Line-fillers decorated in red and/or blue.
Dimensions in mm 295 x 200 (180 x 130)
 
Part 3 ff. 132-185 
Title Office of the Dead; Hours of the Virgin
Origin England, Central (Oxford)
Date c. 1220 - c. 1240
Language Latin
Script Gothic
Decoration Numerous smaller initials, historiated, zoomorphic, or Channel style, for each Psalm. Small initials in plain red or blue.
Dimensions in mm 295 x 200 (180 x 130)
 
Official foliation ff. 185 (+ 3 modern paper flyleaves at the beginning, and 3 at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house. The edges of the leaves with medieval (?) decoration in red and blue.
Provenance Perhaps connected to the Augustinian priory of St Frideswide, Oxford: inclusion of all three feasts of Frideswide (12 February, 15 May, 19 October), and a collect for her, whose relics were kept there. Augustine is the first of the Confessors in the Litany.
S. Heveningham, 17th century: inscription (f. 1).
Henry Howard (b. 1628, d. 1684), 6th duke of Norfolk: bought for him in 1658, inscribed 'This book was bought of Capt. Bee by Mr. Simon Fox for the Rt. Honble. Henry Howard. 23rd of March 1658' (f. 1); presented to the Royal Society in 1667.
The Royal Society, London (its ink stamp: 'Soc. Reg. Lond / ex dono HENR. HOWARD / Norfolciensis.', f. 2).
Purchased by the British Museum from the Royal Society of London together with 549 other Arundel manuscripts in 1831.
Notes The Veronica image is the earliest in Western art, according to Lewis 1987 p. 127.
This is the earliest richly illuminated manuscript with fairly definite evidence of having been made in Oxford, according to Morgan 1982.
Select bibliography Catalogue of Manuscripts in The British Museum, New Series, 1 vol. in 2 parts (London: British Museum, 1834-1840), I, part 1: The Arundel Manuscripts, p. 43.

Walter de Gray Birch and Henry Jenner, Early Drawings and Illuminations: An Introduction to the Study of Illustrated Manuscripts (London: Bagster and Sons, 1879), p. 6.

J. Romilly Allen, Norman Sculpture and the Mediaeval Bestiaries: From the Rhind Lectures in Archaeology for 1885 (London: Whiting & Co., 1887), pp. 294 n. 1, 304.

Schools of Illumination: Reproductions from Manuscripts in the British Museum, 6 vols (London: British Museum, 1914-1930), II: English 12th and 13th Centuries(1915), pl. 8.

John Bradley, Illuminated Manuscripts, 2nd edn (London: Bracken Books, 1920), p. 253 no. 17.

[J. A. Herbert], British Museum: Reproductions from Illuminated Manuscripts, Series 3, 3rd edn (London: British Museum, 1925), pl. 16.

Eric. G. Millar, English Illuminated Manuscripts from the Xth to the XIIIth Century (Paris and Brussels: Van Oest, 1926), p. 45, pl. 66.

Guide to an Exhibition of English Art (London: British Museum, 1934), no. 107.

Günther Haseloff, Die Psalterillustration im 13. Jahrhundert : Studien zur Geschichte der Buchmalerei in England, Frankreich und den Niederlanden ([n.p.]: [n.pub.], 1938), pp. 14, 100-01.

D. Talbot Rice, English Art 871-1100 (Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1952), p. 110.

T. S. R. Boase, English Art 1100-1216, Oxford History of English Art, 2 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1957), pp. 280-2, 290-1, pl. 91a.

Margaret Rickert, Painting in Britain: the Middle Ages, 2nd edn (London: Penguin Books, 1965), pp. 98-100, 102, 234 n. 27, 32, 33, pl. 98a.

Florens Deuchler, Der Ingeborgpsalter (Berlin: de Gruyter & Co., 1967), pp. 8, 43, 78, 92, 164.

The Year 1200: A Centennial Exhibition at The Metropolitan Museum of Art, February 12 through May 10, 1970, ed. by Konrad Hoffmann (New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1970), no. 260 [exhibition catalogue].

Henry B. Graham, ‘The Munich Psalter’, in The Year 1200: A Symposium (New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1975), pp. 301-312 (p. 302).

Andrew G. Watson, Catalogue of Dated and Datable Manuscripts c. 700-1600 in The Department of Manuscripts: The British Library, 2 vols (London: British Library, 1979), I, no. 448, II, pl. 126.

Brunsdon Yapp, Birds in Medieval Manuscripts (London: British LIbrary, 1981), p. 22.

Nigel Morgan, Early Gothic Manuscripts, 2 vols, A Survey of Manuscripts Illuminated in the British Isles, 4 (London Harvey Miller, 1982-1988), I: 1190-1250, no. 24, pp. 49, 69, 77, 81, 89, 126, 178, 186, pls 88-92.

Helmut Engelhart, Die Würzburger Buchmalerei im Hohen Mittelalter: Untersuchungen zu einer Gruppe Illuminierter Handschriften aus der Werkstatt der Würzburger Dominikanerbibel von 1246, 2 vols, Quellen und Forschungen zur Geschichte des Bistums und Hochstifts Würzburg, ed. by Klaus Wittstadt, 34 (Würzburg, 1987), pp. 32, 92, 231, 304, pl. 286.

Suzanne Lewis, The Art of Matthew Paris in the Chronica Majora (Aldershot: Scolar Press, 1987), pp. 29, 127-9, 380, 419, 420, 426, 441, 471, 489 n. 199, pl. 5.

Judith H. Oliver, Gothic Manuscript Illumination in the Diocese of Liège (c. 1250 - c. 1330), Corpus of Illuminated Manuscripts from the Low Countries, 2-3, 2 vols (Leuven: Uitgverij Peeters, 1988), I, 40 n. 42.

Medieval Libraries of Great Britain: A List of Surviving Books ed. by N. R. Ker, Supplement to the Second Edition, ed. by Andrew G. Watson, Royal Historical Society Guides and Handbooks, 15 (London: Royal Historical Society, 1987), p. 52.

Sonia Scott-Fleming, The Analysis of Pen Flourishing in Thirteenth-Century Manuscripts (Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1989), p. 86.

Claire Donovan, The de Brailes Hours: Shaping the Book of Hours in Thirteenth-Century Oxford (London, British Library, 1991), p. 201 no. 2.

Suzanne Lewis, Reading Images: Narrative Discourse and Reception in the Thirteenth-century Illuminated Apocalypse (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995), p. 248.

Walter Cahn, Romanesque Manuscripts: The Twelfth Century (London: Harvey Miller, 1996), II, 166.

Janet Backhouse, The Illuminated Page: Ten Centuries of Manuscript Painting in the British Library (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1997, no. 54.

Nigel Morgan, ‘The Decorative Ornament of the Text and Page in Thirteenth-century England: Initials, Border Extensions and Line Fillers’, in Decoration and Illustration in Medieval English Manuscripts, English Manuscript Studies 1100-1700, 10 (London: British Library, 2002), pp. 1-33 (p. 13).

C. M. Kauffmann, Biblical Imagery in Medieval England 700-1500 (London: Harvey Miller, 2003), pp. 167, 173.

F. O. Büttner, ‘Der illuminierte Psalter im Westen’, in The Illuminated Psalter: Studies in the Content, Purpose and Placement of its Images, ed. by F. O. Büttner, (Belgium: Brepols, 2004), pp. 1-106 (p. 27 n. 125).

Nigel Morgan, ‘Patrons and their Devotions in the Historiated Initials and Full-Page Miniatures of 13th-Century English Psalters’, in The Illuminated Psalter: Studies in the Content, Purpose and Placement of its Images, ed. by F. O. Büttner, (Belgium: Brepols, 2004), pp. 309-22 (p. 309 ns 1, 2, 3).
Last revised: 02 December 2005


Images

Part  1   ff. 1v-2
Prayer
* * *
 
Veronica's veil

f. 2
Veronica's veil
Veronica's veil

f. 2
Veronica's veil

Part  2   ff. 3-131
Psalter, including a calendar (ff. 13-18v)
* * *
 
Veronica's veil

f. 2
Veronica's veil
Annunciation and Visitation

f. 3
Annunciation and Visitation
Nativity and Annunciation to the Shepherds

f. 3v
Nativity and Annunciation to the Shepherds
 
Detail

f. 3v
Detail
Detail

f. 3v
Detail
Nativity and the Annunciation to the Shepherds

f. 3v
Nativity and the Annunciation to the Shepherds
 
Nativity

f. 3v
Nativity
Magi and Herod

f. 4
Magi and Herod
Dream of the Magi

f. 4v
Dream of the Magi
 
Flight into Egypt

f. 5
Flight into Egypt
Baptism of Christ and First Temptation of Christ

f. 5v
Baptism of Christ and First Temptation of Christ
Detail

f. 5v
Detail
 
Detail

f. 5v
Detail
Second and Third Temptations of Christ

f. 6
Second and Third Temptations of Christ
Detail

f. 6
Detail
 
Detail

f. 6
Detail
Wedding at Cana and Expulsion of the Moneychangers

f. 6v
Wedding at Cana and Expulsion of the Moneychangers
Detail

f. 6v
Detail
 
Detail

f. 6v
Detail
Martyrdom of John the Baptist and Miracle of the Loaves and Fishes

f. 7
Martyrdom of John the Baptist and Miracle of the Loaves and Fishes
Detail

f. 7
Detail
 
Detail

f. 7
Detail
Walking on Water

f. 7v
Walking on Water
Raising of Lazarus

f. 8
Raising of Lazarus
 
Entry into Jerusalem

f. 8v
Entry into Jerusalem
Mandatum

f. 9
Mandatum
The Betrayal

f. 9v
The Betrayal
 
Death of Judas; Flagellation of Christ

f. 10
Death of Judas; Flagellation of Christ
Crucifixion and Deposition

f. 10v
Crucifixion and Deposition
Harrowing of Hell and the Holy Women at the Tomb

f. 11
Harrowing of Hell and the Holy Women at the Tomb
 
Noli me tangere and supper at Emmaeus

f. 11v
Noli me tangere and supper at Emmaeus
Descent of the Holy Spirit and Christ in Majesty

f. 12v
Descent of the Holy Spirit and Christ in Majesty
Pentecost

f. 12v
Pentecost
 
Christ in Majesty

f. 12v
Christ in Majesty
February

f. 13v
February
Courting scene

f. 15
Courting scene
 
October

f. 17v
October
Boar

f. 18v
Boar
David

f. 19
David
 
Christ

f. 31
Christ
David

f. 34v
David
Detail

f. 43v
Detail
 
Slaughter of the Innocents

f. 43v
Slaughter of the Innocents
Historiated initial

f. 45v
Historiated initial
Deer

f. 45v
Deer
 
Initials

f. 45v-46
Initials
Dragon

f. 49
Dragon
Doeg

f. 51v
Doeg
 
Doeg

f. 51v
Doeg
Historiated initial

f. 52
Historiated initial
Detail

f. 52
Detail
 
King

f. 57
King
Initials

f. 59
Initials
Detail

f. 60v
Detail
 
Lion

f. 65
Lion
Detail

f. 71v
Detail
Christ

f. 78
Christ
 
Eve

f. 79
Eve
Knight

f. 81v
Knight
Nativity

f. 82
Nativity
 
Nativity

f. 82
Nativity
Nativity

f. 82
Nativity
Christ

f. 83
Christ
 
Trinity

f. 93
Trinity
Detail

f. 95v
Detail
Wresting men

f. 95v
Wresting men
 
Decorated initials

ff. 98v-99
Decorated initials
Man and monkey

f. 104v
Man and monkey
Harrowing of Hell

f. 110
Harrowing of Hell
 
Three Holy Women

f. 110
Three Holy Women
Harrowing of Hell

f. 110
Harrowing of Hell
David and Goliath

f. 112
David and Goliath
 
John

f. 130v
John

Part  3   ff. 132-185
Office of the Dead; Hours of the Virgin
* * *
 
Men

f. 132
Men
Woman

f. 134
Woman
Man

f. 138
Man
 
Illuminated initial

f. 146
Illuminated initial
Virgin

f. 159v
Virgin

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