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 Detail from the Roman de la Rose
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Detailed record for Royal 15 C XV

Author Caius Julius Caesar
Title De bello gallico with the additions of Aulus Hirtius and others, De bello alexandrino, De bello africo, De bello hispaniensis
Origin Italy, Central (Florence)
Date c. 1455
Language Latin
Script Humanistic
Scribe Ser Benedetto (according to de la Mare 1996)
Decoration Partial white vine border in colours and gold with a large white vine initial 'G'(allia); the lower margin (probably decorated with the arms of Robert Flemmyng), has been trimmed away (f. 2). 14 large white vine initials in colours and gold (ff. 15, 22, 28, 36, 48, 57v, 77, 77v, 88v, 107, 117v, 144, 162, 184v). Rubrics in red.
Dimensions in mm 335 x 225 (230 x 130)
Official foliation ff. 195 (+ 5 unfoliated paper and 1 parchment flyleaves at the beginning + 4 unfoliated paper flyleaves at the end)
Collation Gatherings of 10 leaves.
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house. Rebound in 1971.
Provenance Vespasiano da Bisticci (b. 1422, d. 1498), Florentine historian and bookseller: inscribed in his hand, 'Vespasianus Librarius florentinus hoc opus florentie transcribe[n]dum curauit' (f. 1v); a similar note occurs in Paris MS. Bibl. Nat. fonds lat. 4797 (f. 1v).
Robert Flemmyng (b. 1416, d. 1483), ecclesiastic and humanist: given by him to Lincoln College, Oxford in 1465 (see de la Mare 1996).
Lincoln College, Oxford: identifiable by the secundo folio as no. 2 in the College inventory of 1474.
Sir Robert Bruce Cotton (b. 1571, d. 1631), 1st baronet, antiquary and politician: forming part of an exchange between Robert Cotton and Patrick Young, the Royal Librarian, in 1616 (see also 15 B VII)
Red royal seal of a ship (f. 1).
The Old Royal Library (the English Royal Library): included in the 1698 catalogue of the library of St James’s Palace (see [Edward Bernard], Catalogi librorum manuscriptorum Angliae et Hiberniae (Oxford: Sheldonian, '1697', but 1698?), no. 8592.
Presented to the British Museum by George II in 1757 as part of the Old Royal Library.
Notes f. 1 is a parchment flyleaf.
Horizontal catchwords.
Select bibliography George F. Warner and Julius P. Gilson, Catalogue of Western Manuscripts in the Old Royal and King’s Collections, 4 vols (London: British Museum, 1921), II, p. 169.

Albert Derolez, Codicologie des manuscrits en écriture humanistique sur parchemin, Bibliologia: Elementa ad Librorum Studia Pertinentia, 6-7, 2 vols (Turnhout: Brepols, 1984), no. 408.

Albinia de la Mare, 'New Research on Humanistic Scribes in Florence', in Miniatura fiorentina del Rinascimento, 1440-1525: un primo censimento, ed. by Annarosa Garzelli, 2 vols, (Florence: Giunta regionale toscana, 1985), I, pp. 395-574 (pp. 490, 565).

Christopher De Hamel, A History of Illuminated Manuscripts, (Oxford : Phaidon, 1986), p. 230.

Medieval Libraries of Great Britain: Supplement to the Second Edition, ed. by A. G. Watson, Royal Historical Society Guides and Handbooks, 15 (London: Royal Historical Society, 1987), p. 55.

Colin G. C. Tite, ''Lost or Stolen or Strayed': A Survey of Manuscripts formerly in the Cotton LIbrary', British Library Journal, 18 (1992), 107-47 (p. 110).

Albina C. de la Mare, 'Vespasiano da Bisticci as Producer of Classical Manuscripts in Fifteenth-Century Florence', in Medieval Manuscripts of the Latin Classics: Production and Use, ed. by Claudine A. Chavannes-Mazel and Margaret M. Smith (Leiden: Anderrson-Lovelace and the Red Gull Press, 1996) pp. 167-208 (pp. 202, n. 115, 203, fig. 29).

The Libraries of King Henry VIII, ed. by J. P. Carley, Corpus of British Medieval Library Catalogues, 7 (London: The British Library, 2000), p. lxxxiii.
Last revised: 18 September 2009

* * *

f. 1v
Full border and white vine initial

f. 2
Full border and white vine initial

f. 22

f. 57v

f. 77
Illuminated initial

f. 107
Illuminated initial

f. 144

f. 184v

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