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Detailed record for Lansdowne 1175

Author Translated by Raoul de Presles
Title Old Testament
Origin France, Central (Paris)
Date between 1364 and 1380
Language French
Script Gothic
Scribe Copied and signed by Henri de Trévou, libraire and écrivain du roi of King Charles V. This scribe worked exclusively for the royal family during the life of Charles V; also one of the scribes of a Bible Historiale, BL, Royal 19 D II, written for Charles' father, John II. (Rouse and Rouse 2000, I, 270-73).
Artists In the style of the Master of the Coronation of Charles V; some miniatures by the Master of the Policratique of Charles V (ff. 255, 274, 289, 296v, 307v) (see Avril 2001).
Decoration 22 small miniatures, in semi-grisaille, within quadrolobed frames, accompanied by large decorated initials and partial borders, in red, blue and gold, for major text divisions (ff. 1, 30, 53v, 71, 93, 116, 130, 149v, 152v, 178v, 203, 229v, 255, 274v, 289, 296v, 307v, 311, 319, 329, 339, 370v); 1 (large?) miniature missing before f. 2. Decorated initials and partial borders, in red, blue and gold, for minor text divisions. 1 diagram, in brown ink (f. 73v). Smaller and small initials in red with blue pen-flourishing or in blue with red pen-flourishing.
Dimensions in mm 265 x 175 (170 x 110)
Official foliation ff. 414 [contemporary foliation in roman numerals] (+ 3 paper flyleaves at the beginning, and 3 at the end)
Collation i8+1-1 (ff. 1-8; 1st leaf with the prologue inserted, 2nd leaf with the beginning of Genesis excised), ii-li8 (ff. 9-408), lii6 (ff. 409-414).
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house.
Provenance Colophon: 'Ci fine le psautier et cest la fin du premier volume de la bible, et la escript henri de trevou.' (f. 414v).
Charles V, King of France (b. 1338, r. 1364, d. 1380): Translation dedicated to Charles V of France and dedicatory miniature showing the translation being given to him (f. 1).
Charles VI, King of France (b. 1368, r. 1380, d. 1422): given by Charles VI to the Duc de Berry on 25 April 1403 (see Delisle 1868).
Jean, Duke of Berry (b. 1340, d. 1416): his signature 'Jehan' (f. 414v); no. 14 in the 1413 inventory of the library of the Duc de Berry 'Premier volume de la Bible, traduite en françois par Raoul de Prêles' (see Delisle 1907 II).
William Petty (formerly Fitzmaurice) (b. 1737, d. 1805), 2nd earl of Shelburne and 1st marquess of Lansdowne, prime minister; purchased by the British Museum together with 1244 other Lansdowne manuscripts in 1807: his book-plate (inside upper cover).
Notes Instructions to the miniaturists (ff. 53v, 71, 93, 116, 149v, 152v, 229v, 255, 289, 296v, 307v, 319, 329) and a guide drawing (f. 116).
Select bibliography [Henry Ellis and Francis Douce], A Catalogue of the Lansdowne Manuscripts in the British Museum (London, 1819). no. 1175.

Léopold Delisle, Le Cabinet des Manuscrits de la Bibliothèque Impériale [Nationale]: Étude sur la formation de ce dépôt, 3 vols (Paris: Imprimerie Nationale, 1868-1881), I, 35.

Walter de Gray Birch and Henry Jenner, Early Drawings and Illuminations: An Introduction to the Study of Illustrated Manuscripts (London: Bagster and Sons, 1879), p. 9,

Samuel Berger, La bible française au moyen âge (Paris: Champion, 1884), p. 403.

Léopold Delisle, Recherches sur la Librairie de Charles V, 2 vols (Paris: Champion, 1907), I, 69, II, 226 no. 14.

J. A. Herbert, Illuminated Manuscripts (London: Methuen, 1911), p. 252.

[J. A. Herbert],Illuminataed Manuscripts and Bindings of Manuscripts Exhibited in The Grenville Library, Guide to the Exhibited Manuscripts, 3 (Oxford: British Museum, 1923), no. 53.

Augustus Hughes-Hughes, Catalogue of Manuscript Music in the British Museum, 3 vols (London: British Museum, 1906-1965), III, 362.

Millard Meiss, French Painting in the Time of Jean de Berry: The Late XIV Century and the Patronage of the Duke, 2 vols, National Gallery of Art Kress Foundation Studies in the History of European Art, 2 (London: Thames and Hudson, 1967), p. 311.

The Cambridge History of the Bible, 3 vols (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1963-1970), 2: The West from the Fathers to the Reformation, ed. by G. W. H. Lampe (1969), p. 530.

Patrick M. de Winter, 'Copistes, éditeurs et enlumineurs de la fin du XIVe siècle: la production à Paris de manuscrits à miniatures', in Actes du 100e congrès national des sociétés savantes, 1975 (Paris: Bibliothèque nationale, 1978), 173-98 (p. 188).

Andrew G. Watson, Catalogue of Dated and Datable Manuscripts c. 700-1600 in The Department of Manuscripts: The British Library, 2 vols (London: British Library, 1979), I, no. 852.

Claudia Rabel, 'L'illustration du Rational des divins offices de Guillaume Durand', in Guillaume Durand, évêque de Mende (v. 1230-1296): Canoniste, liturgiste et homme politique, ed. by Pierre-Marie Gy, OP. Actes de la Table Ronde du CNRS, Mende, 24-27 mai 1990 (Paris: CNRS, 1992), pp. 171-81.

John Lowden, The Making of the Bibles Moralisées, 2 vols (University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2000), II: The Book of Ruth, p. 256 n. 17.

Richard Rouse and Mary Rouse, Manuscripts and their Makers: Commercial Book Producers in Medieval Paris 1200-1500, 2 vols (Turnhout: Harvey Miller, 2000), I, 273, 396 n. 92, II, 52.

François Avril, 'Le parcours exemplaire d'un enlumineur Parisien à la fin du XIVe siècle: La carrière et l'oeuvre du maître du Policratique de Charles V', in De la sainteté à l'hagiographie, ed. by Barbara Fleith and Frnaco Morenzoni (Geneva: Droz, 2001), 265-82 (pp. 267, 273, 280).
Last revised: 19 February 2007


Images
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Leviticus

f. 53v
Leviticus
Detail

f. 53v
Detail
Joshua

f. 116
Joshua
 
Detail

f. 116
Detail
Psalms

f. 370v
Psalms
Detail

f. 370v
Detail
 

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